Junípero Serra

This monument, a tribute to Father Junípero Serra, was erected near Camellia Grove in Capitol Park in 1965. A priest in the Franciscan order of the Catholic Church, Father Serra was charged with leading the development of the California mission system beginning in 1768.

Father Junípero Serra was born Miguel José Serra in 1713 on the small Spanish island of Mallorca. As a priest, Father Serra traveled to the New Spain colonial territory of Mexico in 1749 to devote himself to missionary work. Appointed head of the Spanish missions in 1767, he established his first mission in what is now the state of California at San Diego in 1769.

Before his death in 1784, Father Junípero Serra helped to establish nine Spanish missions in California:

  • Mission of San Diego
    July 16, 1769
  • Mission San Carlos Borromeo
    June 3, 1770
  • Mission San Antonio de Padua
    July 14, 1771
  • Mission San Gabriel
    September 8, 1771
  • Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa
    September 1, 1772
  • Mission San Francisco de Asis
    June 29, 1776
  • Mission San Juan Capistrano
    November 1, 1776
  • Mission Santa Clara de Asis
    January 12, 1777
  • Mission San Buenaventura
    March 31, 1782

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California State Capitol Museum
10th and L Streets
State Capitol
Room B-27
1315 10th Street
Sacramento, CA 95814
(916) 324-0333
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