The Bracero Program

A severe agricultural labor shortage during the war years led to the Bracero Program (temporary guest-worker program) being set in motion by the United States and Mexican governments. The Bracero Program allowed Mexican laborers admittance into the US to work temporarily in agriculture and the railroads with specific agreements relating to wages, housing, food, and medical care. The program was set to end in 1945 with the end of the war, however, it lasted until 1964. The program became fraught with problems such as employers neglecting to abide by Bracero Program standards, many laborers moving to urban areas away from agricultural work, and a flood of laborers looking for a better life who bypassed the program and were willing to work for lower wages, thus eroding the Bracero Program.