PEOPLE AND THE WAR

Government Responds

California's two wartime governors, Culbert Olson and Earl Warren, and the State Legislature faced a busy agenda of drafting legislation which supported California's vital role during and after the war. This did include legislation that supported the federal relocation programs for Japanese-Americans.

Government grew to 213,000 federal and 28,000 state employees. Many women entered state civil service to replace the men called to war. Many state departments and agencies took an active role in the war effort. This included helping to coordinate California's programs with federal ones as well as assisting returning veterans. The State Printing Office was contracted by the federal government to help produce counterfeit Japanese currency as part of an effort to sabotage their economy. This top secret operation was carried out at the old State Fairgrounds in Sacramento.

The Secretary of State had to oversee the counting of soldier's war ballots, many State Parks were closed and converted into training facilities, and the state's prison industry program also participated in the war effort.

People and the War