PEOPLE AND THE WAR

California National Guard

While many units served in California, certain units had strong ties to the state. Foremost was the California National Guard's (CNG) 40th Infantry Division which fought in the Pacific Theater. Also fighting in the Pacific was the 7th Infantry Division, which included the CNG's 184th Infantry Regiment.

The CNG's 40th Tank Company from Salinas participated in the defense of Luzon until forced to surrender on the Bataan Peninsula. The 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Marine Divisions were all formed in California. In Europe, the CNG's 144th Field Artillery Group landed at Normandy and the 159th Infantry Regiment fought in the "Battle of the Bulge."

The 13th Armored Division, declared by Governor Warren as "California's Own," fought in the Rhineland and Central Europe campaigns of 1945. Californians Admiral Chester Nimitz, and Generals Henry "Hap" Arnold, George Patton, and James Doolittle were among the key military leaders during the war.

People and the War