Civilian Home Front Effort

Once the United States entered World War II, it had to feed its soldiers abroad as well as the people in newly freed countries overseas. At home, certain foods such as meat, sugar, coffee, and butter became scarce and had to be purchased with ration stamps. Gasoline, as well as rubber, was also rationed and any unnecessary travel was discouraged.

One way in which wartime rations were supplemented was the planting of victory gardens. Any available space, such as front yards or even town squares, was used to plant gardens that eventually accounted for one third of the vegetables available in the United States.

In order to increase the amount of resources needed to make planes, tanks, ships, and guns, scrap drives were organized to collect and recycle old paper, rubber, and metal. Even waste fat from cooking meat was collected in an effort to make glycerin for explosives. Scrap drives enlisted the help of everyone from young to old and was considered a patriotic duty of American citizens.