6. GovernorThe bill then goes to the Governor. The Governor has three choices. He or she can sign the bill into law, allow it to become law without his or her signature, or veto it. Normally, the Governor has 12 days after receiving a bill to decide to sign or veto it, or a bill will become law automatically without his or her signature. However, the Governor has 30 days to make this decision on bills submitted to him or her when the annual winter recess is near at hand. A Governor's veto can be overridden by a two-thirds vote in both houses.
If a bill presented to the Governor contains one or several items of appropriation, he or she may eliminate or reduce any or all of them while approving the other portions of the bill (known as the line-item veto). The items then may be separately reconsidered and the vetoes sustained or overridden in the same manner as bills which have been vetoed in their entirety by the Governor. The Legislature has 60 calendar days to act upon the veto.
Most bills, whether signed by the Governor or passed as a result of an override, go into effect on January 1 of the next year. Urgency measures take effect immediately upon being signed by the Governor and chaptered by the Secretary of State. Urgency bills affect the public peace, health, or safety and require a two-thirds vote for passage.